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Test Code LABSAFB Acid-Fast Smear for Mycobacterium

Important Note

If a concentrated acid-fast smear performed by Mayo Medical Laboratories is desired, please order LABSAFB-Acid-Fast Smear for Mycobacterium, in addition to LABCTB-Mycobacteria and Nocardia Culture.

 

Additional Codes

Test Name in EPIC EPIC Test Code Mnemonic Mayo Test ID
AFB SMEAR-MYCOBACTERIUM LABSAFB SAFB SAFB

 

Reporting Name

Acid Fast Smear For Mycobacterium

Useful For

Detection of acid-fast bacilli in clinical specimens

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Medical Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Varies


Advisory Information


MTBRP / Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex, Molecular Detection, PCR is the preferred test for rapid, direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from clinical specimens.



Necessary Information


Specimen source is required.



Specimen Required


Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Specimen Type: Body fluid

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

 

Specimen Type: Bone marrow

Container/Tube: SPS/Isolator System or green top (lithium heparin)

Specimen Volume: Entire collection

 

Specimen Type: Gastric washing

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 10 mL

Collection Instructions: Neutralize specimen within 4 hours of collection with 100 mg of sodium carbonate per 5 to 10 mL of gastric wash.

 

Specimen Type: Respiratory

Sources: Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, bronchial washing, sputum

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 4 mL

Collection Instructions: Collect 3 respiratory specimens for acid-fast smears and culture in patients with clinical and chest X-ray findings compatible with tuberculosis. These 3 specimens should be collected at 8- to 24-hour intervals (24 hours when possible) and should include at least 1 first-morning specimen.

 

Specimen Type: Stool

Supplies: Stool Collection Kit, Random (T635)

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 5-10 g

 

Specimen Type: Tissue

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 5-10 mm

Collection Instructions: Collect a fresh tissue specimen.

 

Specimen Type: Urine

Container/Tube: Sterile container

Specimen Volume: 2 mL

Collection Instructions: Collect a random urine specimen. 

 

Specimen Type: Swab

Additional Information: Fresh tissue or body fluid is the preferred specimen type instead of a swab specimen. Recovery of mycobacteria and aerobic actinomycetes from swabs is variable.

 

Sources: Wound, tissue, or body fluid

Container/Tube: Culture transport swab (noncharcoal) Culturette

Specimen Volume: Adequate specimen

Collection Instructions:

1. Before collecting specimen, wipe away any excessive amount of secretion and discharge, if appropriate.

2. Obtain secretions or fluid from source with sterile swab.

3. If smear and culture are requested or both a bacterial culture and mycobacterial culture are requested, collect a second swab to maximize test sensitivity.


Specimen Minimum Volume

Varies; If mycobacterial culture is also requested, then 1.5 mL for body fluid, 3 mL for respiratory specimen, or a pea-sized piece of fresh tissue. If smear only is requested, then 0.5 mL for body fluid, 3 mL for respiratory specimen, or a pea-sized piece of fresh tissue.

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Varies Refrigerated (preferred) 7 days
  Ambient  7 days

Reference Values

Negative (reported as positive or negative)

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Sunday; Continuously

Test Classification

This test uses a standard method. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

87206

87176-Tissue processing (if appropriate)

87015-Mycobacteria culture, concentration (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
SAFB Acid Fast Smear For Mycobacterium 676-7

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
SAFB Acid Fast Smear For Mycobacterium 676-7

Clinical Information

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a leading infectious disease cause of death worldwide. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has reported a rise in the incidence of tuberculosis associated with AIDS, foreign-born cases, and increased transmission in high-risk populations. There has also been a rise in the number of M tuberculosis strains that exhibit resistance to one or more antituberculosis drugs. The public health implications of these facts are considerable. Because M tuberculosis is readily spread by airborne particles, rapid diagnosis and isolation of infected persons is important. Nontuberculous mycobacteria infections also cause significant morbidity and mortality in humans, particularly in immunocompromised persons. Detection of acid-fast bacilli in sputum specimens allows rapid identification of individuals who are likely to be infected with mycobacteria while definitive diagnosis and treatment are pursued.

Interpretation

Patients whose sputum specimens are identified as acid-fast positive should be considered potentially infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, pending definitive diagnosis by molecular methods or mycobacterial culture.

Cautions

Artifacts may exhibit nonspecific fluorescence and be confused with organisms.

Method Description

Auramine-rhodamine fluorochrome stain prepared and read with fluorescent microscope.(Pfyffer GE, Palicova F: General characteristics, laboratory detection, and staining procedures. In Manual of Clinical Microbiology. 10th edition. Edited by J Versalovic, KC Carroll, G Funke, et al: Washington, DC, ASM Press, 2011, pp 472-502)

Analytic Time

1 day

Specimen Retention Time

3-7 days

Reject Due To

Hemolysis

NA

Lipemia

NA

Icterus

NA

Other

Blood or serum

 

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
TBT Mycobacteria Culture, Conc No, (Bill Only) No
TISSR Tissue Processing No, (Bill Only) No

Testing Algorithm

When this test is ordered, the reflex tests may be performed and charged.

Method Name

Auramine-Rhodamine Stain